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17.0 Introduction

The post World War II period saw a new kind of international relations set in. It was neither an era of peace nor of war. The major power blocs were the Western Bloc, led by The United States and Great Britain and, the Eastern Bloc, led by the Soviet Union. The Eastern or the Soviet Bloc was made up of countries that favored Communist ideology and the communist form of government. Countries belonging to the American camp upheld the capitalist form of economy and a democratic form of government. These were the main ideological differences between the two camps.

The differences surfaced during the Yalta Conference itself. Although the two powers agreed on most fronts, there was disagreement on one point. Russia had set up a communist government in Poland while Poland already had a government in exile in London. America became suspicious of Russia’s communist agenda on this account. This suspicion was fanned during the Potsdam Conference. The tension only grew in the following years. There was no open warfare between the two blocs: only blatant propaganda and disruptive economic measures. Therefore this rivalry came to be popularly called the Cold War. The term was first coined by Bernard Baruch, an American statesman and later popularized by Professor Lippmann.

The Cold War was marked by international conflicts in almost every field between the power blocs. It affected the spheres of defense, economy, diplomacy and ideology. The interesting thing to note is that through all this the two countries made a show of maintaining peaceful diplomatic ties.

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17.0 - Introduction
17.1 - The Development of the Cold War
17.2 - The Cold War between 1945 and 1947
17.3 - The Cold War between 1947 and 1953
17.4 - The Cold War between 1953 and 1963
17.5 - The Cold War between 1963 and 1970
17.6 - The period of Detente(1970 - 1980)
17.7 - The Cold War after 1980
17.8 - The meaning of Disarmament
17.9 - Reduction of weapons Nuclear and Conventional
17.10 - Disarmament and the UN
17.11 - The Hazards of Nuclear War
17.12 - The Non-Military Dimension of Nuclear Energy
17.13 - Dates & Events

Chapter 18


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