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Chapter 1 The Science of Biology
1. 0 Introduction
1. 1 Practical Biology
1. 2 Scientific Methodology

Chapter 2 The Chemical Basis of Life
2. 0 Introduction
2. 1 Structural Organization and Chemical Basis Of Life
2. 2 Organic Compounds
2. 3 Nucleotides and Nucleic acid
2. 4 Lipids

Chapter 3 Cell - The Basic Unit of Life
3. 0 Introduction
3. 1 Modern Cell Theory
3. 2 Structure of Cell
3. 3 Movement through the Plasma Membrane

Chapter 4 Photosynthesis
4. 0 Introduction
4. 1 Chloroplasts
4. 2 Overall Equation of Photosynthesis
4. 3 Primary Process of Photosynthesis
4. 4 Secondary Processes of Photosynthesis (Biochemical Phase, Dark Reaction)
4. 5 Diversity in Photosynthesis Pathway
4. 6 Significance of Photosynthesis

Chapter 5 Cellular respiration
5. 0 Introduction
5. 1 Ultrastructure and Functions of Mitochondrion
5. 2 An Overview of Cellular Respiration
5. 3 Glycolysis
5. 4 The T.C.A. Cycle (Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle)
5. 5 Electron Transport Chain
5. 6 Fermentation
5. 7 Significance of Respiration

Chapter 6 Cell division
6. 0 Introduction
6. 1 The Cell Cycle
6. 2 Mitosis
6. 3 Meiosis
6. 4 Comparison between Mitosis and Meiosis

Chapter 7 Classical and Mendelian Genetics
7. 0 Introduction
7. 1 Gregor Mendel
7. 2 Mendelís Experiment on Sweet Pea
7. 3 Terminology Used
7. 4 Law of Dominance
7. 5 Monohybrid Ratio
7. 6 Law of Segregation
7. 7 Dihybrid Ratio
7. 8 Law of Independent Assortment
7. 9 Test Cross or Back Cross
7.10 The Concept of "Factor"

Chapter 8 Genes and Molecular Genetics
8. 0 Introduction
8. 1 Packaging of Hereditary Material
8. 2 The Structure of DNA
8. 3 Replication of DNA in Eukaryotes
8. 4 Replication of Prokaryotic Chromosome
8. 5 Plasmids
8. 6 RNA : The Structure and Types
8. 7 The Genetic Code
8. 8 The Central Theme of Protein Synthesis

Chapter 9 Bioenergy
9. 0 Introduction
9. 1 Common Methods of Biogas Formation
9. 2 Raw Materials and Substrates
9. 3 Producer Gas
9. 4 Methane
9. 5 Plants as Sources of Hydrocarbons

Chapter 10 Biotechnology
10.0 Introduction
10. 0 Introduction
10.1 Fermentation
10.2 Manufacture of Alcohol
10.3 Antibiotics
10.4 Vitamins

Chapter 11 Evolution of Life
11.0 Introduction
11.1 Darwinís Theory of Natural Selection

Chapter 12 Human Evolution
12.0 Introduction
12.1 Palaeontological Evidences - Our Ancestors
12.2 Ancestral Forms of Homo Sapiens

Chapter 13 The Unity and Diversity of Life
13.0 Introduction
13.1 Concept of Species
13.2 Taxa and Categories
13.3 Systematic Hierarchies
13.4 Binomial Nomenclature
13.5 Principles of Classification

Chapter 14 Viruses
14.0 Introduction
14.1 Kingdom : Monera
14.2 Kingdom : Protista
14.3 Kingdom : Plantae
14.4 Kingdom : Fungi

Chapter 15 Conquest of Land
15.0 Introduction
15.1 Pteridophyta : General Account
15.2 Gymnosperms
15.3 Angiosperms : Dicotyledons
15.4 Angiosperms : Monocotyledons
15.5 Vascularization
15.6 Development of Seed Habit
15.7 Development of Flower and Fruit

Chapter 16 Nutrition and Digestion
16.0 Introduction
16.1 Nutritional Requirements, Imbalances and Deficiency Diseases
16.2 Organs of Digestion and Physiology of Digestion

Chapter 17 Respiration
17.0 Introduction
17.1 Gaseous Exchange and Transport

Chapter 18 Blood and Circulation
18.0 Introduction
18.1 Closed Vascular System
18.2 Heart
18.3 Arterial Blood Pressue
18.4 Blood

Chapter 19 Excretion and Osmoregulation
19.0 Introduction
19.1 Ammonotelism, Ureotelism and Uricotelism
19.2 Excretory System of Man
19.3 Skin and Lungs as Accessory Excretory Organs

Chapter 20 Human Skeleton
20.0 Introduction
20.1 Axial Skeleton
20.2 Appendicular Skeleton

Chapter 21 Locomotion
21.0 Introduction
21.1 Joints - Articulations between Bones
21.2 Muscle Movements

Chapter 22 Horomonal co-ordination
22.0 Introduction
22.1 Pituitary Gland
22.2 Thyroid Gland

Chapter 23 Nervous co-ordination
23.0 Introduction
23.1 Central Nervous System
23.2 The Autonomic System
23.3 Receptors and Effectors
23.4 Reflex Action - Mechanism of Nervous Action

Chapter 24 Reproduction
24.0 Introduction
24.1 Human Reproduction
24.2 Female Reproductive Cycle
24.3 Embryonic Development

Chapter 25 The Ecology and Environment
25.0 Introduction
25.1 Species

Questions

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