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PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History


16.1 The Causes of the Rise of Nationalism in Asia

In World War I, one of President Wilsonís Fourteen Points was the principle of self-determination of the people. This regulation brought about the independence of some countries like Poland. This principle filled the Asians with nationalistic and patriotic feelings. They then fought for the independence of their countries, more so, after World War II.

The Second World War weakened Western imperialism and inaugurated an era of decolonization. After World War II it became impossible for the European powers to cling to their empires. This process is known as "decolonization". It was a triumph of nationalism from the point of view of the Afro-Asian countries.

Japanís initial victories in South East Asia exploded the myth of Western supremacy. A dwarf Asiatic nation like Japan managed to disrupt the Western domination over indo-China, Burma, Malaya, Indonesia and the Philippines all in the name of "Asia for the Asians". This Japanese wartime slogan produced a tremendous impact on the Asian colonies which soon began to burn with the fire of revolution.

During World War II, the "natives" of Asia, came into contact with Western culture and technology. Most Asian intellectuals realized the vast gulf of differences between their own people and the Westerners. They resolved to lead the kind of life led by the Western men, for which national independence was an essential pre-requisite.

The Labor Party in Britain became a strong enemy of imperialism and was anxious to pursue the course of decolonization. Similar movements began to occur in France and other European countries. This quickened the process of decolonization.

The Soviet propaganda was another factor. The persistent and militant demands of the subject people for national independence were fully backed and used by the Soviet Union to create trouble for its Western rivals in the "Cold War". The Soviet propaganda and Soviet arms were responsible for the triumph of communism in China, North Korea and North Vietnam.

After World War I, the United States sharply reacted against imperialism, and championed the cause of the natives and of the native government and the Asian countries. The U. S. liberated the Philippines in 1946. In 1952, Puerto Rico was transformed into a self-governing democratic "Common-Wealth".

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Index

16.0 Introduction
16.1 - The Causes Of The Rise Of Nationalism In Asia
16.2 - Emergence Of India As A Nation
16.3 - Rise Of Modern China
16.4 - Rise Of Modern Japan
16.5 - National Awakening In South East Asia
16.6 - National Awakening In Arab Lands
16.7 - Israel
16.8 - African Nationalism
16.9 - Nationalism In Latin America
16.10 - Dates & Events

Chapter 17





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