During the First World War, Japan was the ally
of the British and secured some benefits from the Treaty of Versailles.
She became a permanent member of League of Nations. During the war
Japan attempted to intervene in China’s affairs. In 1931 Japan
seized Manchuria and withdrew from the League of Nations.
Japan soon became as aggressive as Germany and
Italy, and these three powers formed the axis party in the Second
World War. By 1938, Japan occupied the entire Chinese coast, and
the important Chinese cities. In December 1941, the American fleet
at Pearl Harbor in the island of Hawaii, was attacked by Japan.
She also overran the Philippine Islands, the Dutch East Indies and
Malaya. The Japanese then took Rangoon and Mandalay in Burma. The
defeat of Italy and Germany during World War II, was a great setback
In August 1945, President Truman of the U.S.A.
ordered two atomic bombs to be dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Japan was forced to surrender. After the occupation of Japan by
the American forces under General Mac Arthur, made the degradation
of Japan complete.
Being a very vigorous people, the Japanese showed
quick signs of recovery. In 1947, elections were held in Japan and
a democratic constitution was established. A Peace Treaty with Japan,
was signed by all relevant nations at San Francisco in 1951.