After World War I, other Asian countries, in South
East Asia, such as Burma, Ceylon, Malaya, Singapore, Indonesia,
Indo-China, Thailand, Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam, also experienced
Nationalism emerged in Burma, after the young Burmese
barristers returned from London to Burma. In 1906, they founded
the Young Menís Buddhist Association (YMBA) and established
several schools. However there was a nationwide protest when the
Burmese learnt that they had been excluded from the new reforms,
introduced in India. The British were finally forced to grant constitutional
reforms in 1923. The radical group which included students from
the national schools, were not satisfied with these reforms. These
radical students started the Thakin movement in the University
of Rangoon against the British. In 1931, Saya San with his
well-disciplined Burmese peasants rose in rebellion against the
British. In 1936, the radical student community once again went
on strike against the British professors. After the strike was called
off, two of their leaders Unu and Anung San, joined the Thakin movement.
This was followed by the separation of Burma from India in 1937.
Burma secured political independence on January
4, 1948, under the leadership of the nationalist Thakin Nu. Burma
thus became a Republic, completely outside the British Commonwealth.