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PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History


Cambodia and Laos

In 1955, the other two states of Indo-China, namely Cambodia and Laos were recognized as two independent states with native, titular monarchs. They were admitted to the membership of the United Nations.

Korea

Korea is a land divided between two countries: North Korea and South Korea. While the North has a Communist rule, the South is strongly anti-Communist.


Exhibit 16.5

The Yu dynasty’s rule over Korea lasted from 1392 to 1910, after which when Japan took control of the country. Korea was used as a profitable colony by Japan; some Koreans were compelled to fight on the Japanese side in World War II. It continued to remain in Japan’s hold until 1945; the year when Japan was defeated in the Second World War. Following this, the United States acquired the South, and the Soviet Union gained control of North Korea. Though the two patron countries tried uniting the two (North and South Korea), they remained divided.


In 1947, the United States finally handed over the issue to the United Nations. In its turn, the UN aimed at guiding the countries to elections; its objective was to enable a single government for both the countries. However it faced stiff opposition from the Soviet Union; it did not permit the entry of UN representatives in its territory (the North). But elections were held successfully in the South. Representatives were elected to a National Assembly which even chalked out a constitution. The President of the ’Republic of Korea’ (as South Korea was named) was elected in 1948, from this very Assembly. The first President was Syngman Rhee. At about the same time, the North saw the formation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, under the control of the Communists.

Exhibit 16.6
The Korean War

Border disputes between North and South Korea between 1948 and 50 precipitated in the Korean War in 1950.

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Index

16.0 Introduction
16.1 - The Causes Of The Rise Of Nationalism In Asia
16.2 - Emergence Of India As A Nation
16.3 - Rise Of Modern China
16.4 - Rise Of Modern Japan
16.5 - National Awakening In South East Asia
16.6 - National Awakening In Arab Lands
16.7 - Israel
16.8 - African Nationalism
16.9 - Nationalism In Latin America
16.10 - Dates & Events

Chapter 17





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