PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
Cambodia and Laos
In 1955, the other two states of Indo-China, namely
Cambodia and Laos were recognized as two independent states with
native, titular monarchs. They were admitted to the membership of
the United Nations.
Korea is a land divided between two countries:
North Korea and South Korea. While the North has a Communist rule,
the South is strongly anti-Communist.
The Yu dynasty’s rule over Korea lasted from 1392
to 1910, after which when Japan took control of the country. Korea
was used as a profitable colony by Japan; some Koreans were compelled
to fight on the Japanese side in World War II. It continued to remain
in Japan’s hold until 1945; the year when Japan was defeated in
the Second World War. Following this, the United States acquired
the South, and the Soviet Union gained control of North Korea. Though
the two patron countries tried uniting the two (North and South
Korea), they remained divided.
1947, the United States finally handed over the issue to the United
Nations. In its turn, the UN aimed at guiding the countries to elections;
its objective was to enable a single government for both the countries.
However it faced stiff opposition from the Soviet Union; it did
not permit the entry of UN representatives in its territory (the
North). But elections were held successfully in the South. Representatives
were elected to a National Assembly which even chalked out a constitution.
The President of the ’Republic of Korea’ (as South Korea was named)
was elected in 1948, from this very Assembly. The first President
was Syngman Rhee. At about the same time, the North saw the
formation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, under
the control of the Communists.
The Korean War
Border disputes between North and South Korea between
1948 and 50 precipitated in the Korean War in 1950.
16.1 - The Causes Of The Rise Of Nationalism
16.2 - Emergence Of India As A Nation
16.3 - Rise Of Modern China
16.4 - Rise Of Modern Japan
16.5 - National Awakening In South East Asia
16.6 - National Awakening In Arab Lands
16.7 - Israel
16.8 - African Nationalism
16.9 - Nationalism In Latin America
16.10 - Dates & Events