PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
11.6 Points To Remember
Novel Features of World War I
It was fought on a worldwide scale.
Modern technology in weapons was introduced
It was the first war to be fought on land,
on sea as well as under the sea.
Causes of World War I
The Course of World War I
Increase in Militarism, in the form of a race
for armaments by European countries, powerful military officers
and a tendency of preventive war, was the foremost cause.
Aggressive Nationalism demanded intense hatred
for the other country and a favorable atmosphere for war.
National rivalries were prevalent all over,
hence the Balkan crisis sparked of tension between the warring
Colonial imperialism led to increased and bitter
The Press of various countries deliberately
glorified their own country and misrepresented others, leading
to a warped public opinion.
Secret alliances such as the triple alliance
and the triple Entente increased suspicion and hatred between
International anarchy reigned in the absence
of an international regulatory body that could check the rise
of conflicts between the nations.
The immediate cause of the war was the murder
of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria and his wife by a Serbian
student in Bosnia.
Austria issued an ultimatum on Serbia which
declined to give in.
Austria declared war with Serbia and Germany
declared war against France. When Germany attacked Belgium,
England declared war against Germany.
Initially the allies tasted victory.
After the collapse of Russia, Germany’s position
When the German warships targeted American
merchant ships, the U.S.A. finally entered the war and won the
war for the Allies. An armistice was signed in 1918 on the basis
of fourteen points announced by President Woodrow Wilson.
The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 consisted
of the "Big Four": Clemenceau Prime Minister of France,
Lloyd George Prime Minister of England, Woodrow Wilson President
of the U.S.A. and Orlando the premier of Italy.
Five Treaties were drawn up out of which the
Treaty of Versailles and the St. Germain Treaty were the most
important. These were enforced on the losing countries.
Consequences of World War I
It brought about unprecedented destruction
of life and property.
The map of Europe was restructured.
- New nations were established on the ruins of old ones.
The treaties left the losing countries weak
in every way.
The victor countries emerged as strong powers.
Germany emerged to be highly resentful, which
eventually brought about the dictatorial reign of Hitler an
important cause of he Second World War.
The League of Nations the first international
agency to check armament was established.
11.1 Novel Features of World War I
11.2 Causes of World War I
11.3 The Course of World War I
Consequences of World War I
11.5 Dates & Events
11.6 Points to Remember
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