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11. 7 The Korean War

When the World War II came to an end, the Red Army (USSR) occupied Korea, north of the 38th parallel. And in the south, the U.S. and Allied forces were in control. In 1948, when the UN introduced elections in Korea, the North Korean territory refused to join it. After the elections in the south, the Republic of Korea was born under the President Syngman Rhee. The American troops withdrew from Korea in 1949. In 1950, the communist forces in North Korea tried to invade the south. American forces were sent immediately. The UN denounced the North Korean action. While the War between communist troops and the Americans along with South Korean army was on, the Chinese army joined the War. China which was a communist nation drove the UN troops back to the 38th parallel. The War dragged on without any concrete results.

The War in Korea and later in Vietnam had an adverse effect back home. As the War went on, public opinion went against the War. America which had entered the War to get rid of ícommiesí was not very confident any more, due to the strong anti-war sentiments at home.

Exhibit 11.2

Images of destruction during the Vietnam War

A peace accord was signed in 1973, which brought one of the longest and the most tragic war fought in American history. During the period after the Korean War, American people had to face a series of problems at home. Although the general prosperity in the country improved the standard of living for the people, economic depressions occurred regularly: there was unemployment that continued to persist in both the industrial sector and other spheres. Moreover, the farmers were not doing well economically either. There was a severe crisis in the various spheres of American society eg. Education, the Black American movement i.e. the Civil Rights Movement and Urban Development. These serious domestic problems were some of the challenges before the Republican government headed by Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961) and his successor, President John F. Kennedy (Democrat) took over in 1961. Apart from the domestic issues, there was the enormous threat of communism that loomed over America.

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Table of Contents

11.0 - Chronology of Major Events in this Period
11.1 - Conditions at Home
11.2 - The Employment Act
11.3 - The Taft-Hartley Labor Management Relations Act
11.4 - The Truman's Civil Rights Program
11.5 - The McCarthy Period
11.6 - The Cold War Abroad
11.7 - The Korean War
11.8 - The Eisenhower Administration
11.9 - The Civil Rights movement and the question of Desegregation
11.10 - The Labor Reform act
11.11 - The Budget
11.12 - The Economy in the 60s
11.13 - The Communist Threat Abroad
11.14 - The Threat of Nuclear War
11.15 - The Exploration of Outer Space
11.16 - The Geneve Conference on Disarmament
11.17 - Our WorldToday


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