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PinkMonkey Study Guide - American History

11. 6 The Cold War Abroad


Exhibit 11.1

The USSR and US leaders battle it out during the Cold War

With the end of the War, the world was divided between the capitalist and communist camps. The result was a series of crises - known as the Cold War.

In 1947, when the British could no longer bear the strain of supporting Greece and Turkey against probable aggression from USSR the U.S. entered the scene. The American President Truman, put forth the Truman Doctrine by which the U.S. took upon itself the responsibility of providing military aid to countries which face any threat from the communist camp. In this context, President Truman submitted the Marshall plan to the Congress in 1947. The plan envisaged economic assistance to European states ravaged by the World War. Both houses of the Congress adopted the Economic Recovery Program, popularly known as Marshall Plan in 1948. The economic aid under the Marshall plan was spent as per the instructions of an Economic Co-operation Administration headed by Paul Hoffman.


The Marshall Plan brought about an unbelievable economic miracle in several countries of Western Europe. By this plan, the U.S. pumped in money into many West European countries and Japan whose economies were in shambles after the war.

The tension between East Europe and west Europe, led to the formation of the NATO or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The members consisted of all North Atlantic, Baltic and Mediterranean countries who were opposed to the communist countries of East Europe and USSR. NATO was a military alliance for collective defense against Russia.

The cold war led to the long protracted War in Vietnam and the War in Korea.

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Table of Contents

11.0 - Chronology of Major Events in this Period
11.1 - Conditions at Home
11.2 - The Employment Act
11.3 - The Taft-Hartley Labor Management Relations Act
11.4 - The Truman's Civil Rights Program
11.5 - The McCarthy Period
11.6 - The Cold War Abroad
11.7 - The Korean War
11.8 - The Eisenhower Administration
11.9 - The Civil Rights movement and the question of Desegregation
11.10 - The Labor Reform act
11.11 - The Budget
11.12 - The Economy in the 60s
11.13 - The Communist Threat Abroad
11.14 - The Threat of Nuclear War
11.15 - The Exploration of Outer Space
11.16 - The Geneve Conference on Disarmament
11.17 - Our WorldToday





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