11. 3 The Taft-Hartley Labor Management Relations
After the series of strikes that shook the nation
in 1946 it affected the performance of the Democrats in the congressional
elections of í46. The Republicans won a majority in the Congress.
The Republican Congress, under the leadership of Senator Aft, tried
the Pro-Labor Wagner Act (1935). This was
in an effort to check the powers of the labor Union. The new Act
allowed managements to sue Unions in case of strikes. It forced
the Unions to accept a sixty-day "cooling off period"
before going on strikes and lockouts. Besides, the Act forbade the
Unions to participate in political campaigns and required all Unions
to swear that they were not communists before the National Labor
Relations Board recognized them.
The President vetoed it by stating that: "The
Taft-Hartley Bill is a shocking piece of legislation. It would contribute
neither to industrial peace nor to economic stability and progress."
The Congress, however, overrode the Presidentís veto by a large