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PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History

In July 1952, King Farouk was dethroned. He was also exiled by a group of nationalist army officers under General Mohammed Naguib, who captured power and transformed Egypt into a Republic in 1953. Soon, General Gamal Abdul Nasser replaced Naguib as the leader of the Revolutionary Command Council (R.C.C.), as well as the Premier. In July, 1954, the new Premier concluded an agreement with Britain, providing for Britainís evacuation of the Suez Canal. A leading role was played by Nasser, in the formation of the United Arab Republic (U.A.R.); he signed a pact with the Syrian President Al-Quathy in February 1958.

Persia (Iran)

A nationalist revolution took place in Persia during the post-war years. Riza Pahlavi established a Nationalist government, with himself as Minister of War. In 1923, he became the Prime Minister. He convened a special National Assembly (Majlis) in 1925, which elected Riza Pahlavi as Shah of Persia, with the right of succession to his heirs. Thus he became the titular, as well as the real head of the state. In 1934, Riza Shah changed the name of the country from Persia to Iran.

During World War II, Iran declared itself as neutral. In 1941, Iran was divided between the Russian Zone Occupation and the Anglo-American Zone. Shah Pahlavi of Iran was deposed in favour of his young son Mohammed Riza Pahlavi in September 1941. He signed a treaty of alliance with Great Britain and USSR on January 29, 1942. Though Great Britain withdrew its troops in 1946, the USSR refused to do so. Only after the U.N. prevailed upon the USSR, it recalled its forces from Northern Iran. In 1949, Parliamentary democracy, under the premienship of Dr. Mohammed Mossadegh, was introduced in Iran. However it did not last for long. In 1953, an uprising enabled the Shah to regain the royal ascendancy.

The United Arab Republic (UAR)

The Syrian President Al-Quathy proclaimed in Cairo the Union of Egypt and also that Syria was part of the United Arab Republic "with one flag, one army, one people". General Nasser was elected the President of the Republic.

Federation of Jordan and Iraq

In February 1958, the Arab Federation of Jordan and Iraq was founded. Later, Saudi Arabia joined the federation and Yemen joined the United Arab Republic. While the United Arab Republic was "neutralist", the Federation was pro-Western.

Arab League and Arab Unity

The Arab League was created on March 22, 1945, to develop friendship among the Arab states - Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Egypt. These Arab states pledged to render mutual help in political, financial, cultural and other affairs of common interest. The headquarters of the League was Cairo. In 1958, Sudan, Tunisia, Libya and Morocco joined the Arab League. The League accomplished much in the economic and cultural field and fostered much co-operation between these states.

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16.0 Introduction
16.1 - The Causes Of The Rise Of Nationalism In Asia
16.2 - Emergence Of India As A Nation
16.3 - Rise Of Modern China
16.4 - Rise Of Modern Japan
16.5 - National Awakening In South East Asia
16.6 - National Awakening In Arab Lands
16.7 - Israel
16.8 - African Nationalism
16.9 - Nationalism In Latin America
16.10 - Dates & Events

Chapter 17


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