PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
Second Arab-Israel War (1956)
Israel attacked Egypt in 1956, and Britain and
France stood behind her. This led to the Suez Crisis of 1956.
Though French and British troops withdrew by December 1956, Israel
refused to withdraw from the Gaza strip and Shermul Sheikh. Israel
eventually withdrew in March 1957.
Third Arab-Israel War (1967)
Hostilities between the Arabs and Israel continued
throughout the sixties. On January 7, 1965, certain water installations
were bombed on the Israeli side of the Jordan border. On June 4,
1967, Israel attacked the United Arab Republic and destroyed a large
number of her aircraft. Fighting started on many fronts. The U.S.
agreed to supply 58 phantom bombers to Israel in 1968. Most of the
fighting was done by the United Arab Republic, Syria and Jordan.
The war lasted for about a week. The Arabs were completely defeated.
A cease-fire was declared in compliance with a resolution
of the Security Council.
Israel occupied the entire Sinai Peninsula, advanced
the Suez Canal and captured the Gaza strip. The whole of Jerusalem
came under her control and she also overran the whole of Jordan.
Fourth Arab-Israel War (1975)
On October 6, 1973, when
the Jew were observing one of their rituals connected with Yom Kippur,
Egypt and Syria attacked Israel. Thus the conflict is often referred
to as the Yom Kippur War. The Arabs crossed the Suez Canal
and overwhelmed Israel’s position in the Sinai desert. On October
7, 1973, the Israelis had to fight on two fronts against the Syrians
in the Golan Heights and against Egypt in the Sinai desert. On the
day of the war, Golan Heights was captured. On the 10th
day, the Suez Canal was crossed and its West Bank was captured by
Israel. Egypt faced defeat with its Third Army surrendering. The
war ended in a draw after the return of the United Nations Emergency
After the cease-fire, the Geneva Conference
was held in December 1973. In January 1974 and September 1975,
Egypt and Israel signed two agreements on the disengagement of their
troops in the Sinai Peninsula, the credit for which goes to Dr.
Kissinger, the Secretary of State of the U.S. His astute diplomacy
succeeded in winning over Egypt to the side of the U.S. Ultimately,
the Camp David Accord was signed on September 18, 1978, between
Egypt and Israel and a Treaty was signed between them on March 26,
The Wailing Wall and a mosque in Jerusalem
The U.S. is greatly interested in the existence
and strengthening of Israel. The U.S. can rely on Israel to strengthen
her position in the Middle East. She can also use Israel for all
purposes, in case of a war, in that region. Thus Israel occupies
a unique position among the policy makers of the U.S.
16.1 - The Causes Of The Rise Of Nationalism
16.2 - Emergence Of India As A Nation
16.3 - Rise Of Modern China
16.4 - Rise Of Modern Japan
16.5 - National Awakening In South East Asia
16.6 - National Awakening In Arab Lands
16.7 - Israel
16.8 - African Nationalism
16.9 - Nationalism In Latin America
16.10 - Dates & Events