Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorem
It is the generalization of the Rolle’s theorem.
Let f (x) be any continuous function on [a , b] and differentiable
in (a, b), then there exists at least one value of x = c Î
(a, b) such that
i.e. f (b)  f (a) = ( b  a) f ' (c)
Now f (x) satisfies all conditions of
the Rolle’s theorem. Hence there exists at least one
x = c in (a , b) such that f ' (c) =
0
\ f ' (c) + A = 0 ........(from
I)
\ A =  f ' (c) ............(from
II), we get
Geometrically  If the graph of y = f (x) is continuous, be drawn between x = a and x = b then A ( a, f (a)) and B (b , f (b)).
\ Slope of the chord
by L.M.V. , this is equal to the slope of the tangent to y = f (x)
at x = c i.e. f ' (c).
Hence the theorem states that there exists at least one tangent at x =c which is parallel to the chord AB.
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